Revista de Biotecnologia e Fitoquímica


Regulation of growth and development of camellia sinensis (tea plant) under abiotic and biotic stress

John Morris

Camellia sinensis, commonly known as the tea plant, is a valuable crop in the global beverage industry. However, tea plants are susceptible to various abiotic and biotic stresses that can hinder their growth and development. This article explores the regulation of growth and development in Camellia sinensis under abiotic stresses such as temperature extremes, drought, salinity, and heavy metal toxicity, as well as biotic stresses including pathogens, pests, and herbivores. The tea plant has developed adaptive mechanisms to cope with these stresses, such as physiological and biochemical adaptations, activation of stress-responsive genes, and accumulation of compatible solutes. Additionally, the plant activates defense-related genes, produces antimicrobial compounds, and forms beneficial associations with microbes to combat biotic stresses